The Wildlifer
Issue 382 | JANUARY 2012


President's Podium
TWS Celebrates Its 75th Anniversary
Policy News
Annual Conference News
International Wildlife Management Congress
News From Headquarters
Planned Giving
Subunit News
Related Wildlife News
Meetings of Interest


Paul KrausmanWorking With TWS on a Daily Basis
In my first address to membership, I outlined four agenda items that I hope to accomplish during 2012: working with TWS on a daily basis, promoting and expanding our publications, increasing our international outreach, and emphasizing the vital importance of habitat management and conservation. In this column, my first of 2012, I elaborate on the first of these goals.

As a Council member, I was well aware of the outstanding job the staff of TWS does in running the Society on a day-to-day basis. That view was magnified when I joined the Executive Committee and, more recently, when I became President. Our senior staff members are inspired leaders who are excellent in their jobs and who also fill in wherever they are needed, when they are needed. They also assist Section Representatives and others on Council with all types of requests. I am impressed with the camaraderie that exists among them and with TWS members.

So far, some of my time as President has been spent establishing committees (e.g., committees for Council, committees staffed by TWS members, standing committees, and ad hoc committees), and that effort has been streamlined by staff. In addition, I consult with Executive Director/CEO Michael Hutchins and the TWS staff as needed.

They are a busy group. Trying to keep up with all the activities of the Government Affairs staff alone is enough to make me dizzy, as they consult with me on TWS Position Statements, Technical Reviews, upcoming legislative efforts, letters, and other initiatives. I also keep apprised of the work by our Membership Marketing and Conferences group, our Communications department, and staff who handle issues related to subunits and certification, general operations, and finances. These staff members, along with a quality group of young interns, comprise a dynamic group working for TWS and its members.

In addition to working with staff, I have the privilege of working with the dedicated members of TWS Council, all of whom have full-time jobs (or full-time retirement activities), yet who carve out the time to represent their Sections and the membership. As you all know well, in the midst of juggling work responsibilities, they also have personal lives, families, and challenges that have to be addressed.

From my perspective, those who work for TWS can be summed up by a quote from John Steinbeck’s Log from the Sea of Cortez:

“What good men [and women] most biologists are, the tenors of the scientific world—temperamental, moody, lecherous, loud-laughing, and healthy…. The true biologist deals with life, with teeming boisterous life, and learns something from it, learns that the first rule of life is living …. Your true biologist will sing you a song as loud and off-key as will a blacksmith…Sometimes he may proliferate a little too much in all directions, but he is … very good company…”

Open Communication
Just as I communicate with staff and Council, I’ve also communicated directly with many TWS members. You have contacted me about an array of issues (e.g., ethics, Position Statements, Technical Reviews, publications, personnel, committee responsibilities), and I have obtained many of my answers for you from a Council Section Representative or staff member. If you have concerns in your Section, please contact your Section Representative. They will deal with your concern or direct you to the appropriate individual who can help.

In addition, if there is an issue that you want Council to address, present it to your Section Representative so they can bring it up in Council. We meet twice a year: in spring and in autumn at the Annual Meeting; these meetings are designed to conduct the business that will meet the needs of TWS members. If you need to inquire about the operations of the Society itself, please contact Michael Hutchins or me and we will do our best to address your concern. And by all means contact the Communications staff if you have comments about The Wildlife Professional. They welcome comments, Letters to the Editor, and article ideas or submissions from TWS members, whose contributions are essential to the success of our member magazine. A strong Society is one that communicates with its members, so I encourage you to do just that. Contact information for TWS staff and Council are listed online. We look forward to hearing from you. 

Elsewhere on the Plate
There are just a couple of other issues I want to draw your attention to, some of which are addressed in this issue of the Wildlifer. The first is that 2012 marks the 75th anniversary of the founding of The Wildlife Society, a landmark that we will celebrate all year through publications, press releases, and special events. The celebration will culminate at the 2012 Annual Meeting in Portland, Oregon. Please plan now to attend.

In planning for the 75th anniversary, I realized that TWS does not have a dedicated historian. As the preeminent professional society for wildlifers, we have a rich history, but it is scattered about on shelves, in computers, in boxes, and in institutional memory. Our history is alive and growing, but is not centrally housed in one place. So I will be working with Council to develop a TWS historian position that will work with our Ad Hoc History Committee and staff to compile the important history of TWS. The History Committee has a good start on this, but we need to have a systematic way to keep track of all items that have shaped the Society. Think of it as getting ready for the Centennial Celebration.

I also ask you to remember that the IV International Wildlife Management Congress will be held in Durban, South Africa, July 9-12, 2012. More information is available at Three prior congresses met in Costa Rica, Hungary, and New Zealand, so this fourth congress will continue the tradition. Council recently approved a plan to support International Congresses every three years or so in an effort to cement ties with international wildlifers. The theme of this year’s congress is Cooperative Wildlife Management Across Borders: Learning in the Face of Change. Our co-host is The Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa, and we look forward to seeing as many of you as possible at this important Congress.

That’s it for now. I look forward to a year of working closely with Council, staff, and TWS members, proliferating in all directions, occasionally singing off-key, and, hopefully, being good company. Until later.

Paul R. Krausman, President
The Wildlife Society


TWS 75th Anniversary

This year marks 75 years since the official founding of The Wildlife Society in 1937. To honor this historic milestone, TWS will offer a host of special events and publications throughout the year, culminating with a celebration at the 19th Annual Conference in Portland, Oregon, to be held October 13-17, 2012.




Celebrating Through Video
To kick off our anniversary year, we are pleased to announce the official launch of a new video titled “The Wildlife Society—75 Years and Counting .” Produced by Conservation Media and made possible by the generous contributions of TWS members, this video features a commentary by President Paul Krausman and President-Elect Wini Kessler, and explores the work of two young wildlife biologists who represent the future of our profession. These young professionals articulate why their work in wildlife management and conservation is so critical, and how TWS has helped them develop their careers. We will distribute it widely to the general media to raise public awareness about TWS and its mission. 

Celebrating Through The Wildlife Professional
This fall, your member magazine, The Wildlife Professional, will produce a special issue commemorating the 75-year history of TWS and explore its formation, accomplishments, leaders, and future goals. The issue will be widely distributed to state and federal agencies, conservation NGOs, policymakers, and the media to educate them about the vital role that TWS plays in supporting science-based wildlife management and conservation.

Celebrating Through Membership
And that’s not all we have to celebrate this year. With nearly 11,000 members, The Wildlife Society is enjoying record membership. It has greatly expanded its member benefits, its clout in the wildlife policy arena, its partnerships with other natural-resource agencies and organizations, its publishing program, and its international outreach. 2012 will therefore mark not only the 75th anniversary of your professional society, but also the beginning of a bright new era for The Wildlife Society, the members who support it, and the organization’s core mission of wildlife management and conservation.

Thank you for being such a strong, supportive, and vital force in ensuring that wildlife and their habitats survive and thrive well into the future.

TWS—The Beginning
As part of our 75th Anniversary celebration, each issue of the Wildlifer will feature articles on the history of the Society. Here, TWS Past President and Chair of the History Committee John Organ sets the scene for the formation of The Wildlife Society.

“As members of our profession, we have a responsibility to contribute to the highest thinking in this field.” Olaus Murie, 1954, Ethics in Wildlife Management, Journal of Wildlife Management. 18:289

1937 began as a year that presented daunting challenges to wildlife conservationists, yet culminated with opportunity and hope. The Nation was in the midst of an economic depression, the Dust Bowl and the habitat degradation that resulted spawned a steady decline in wildlife populations, and across the oceans, divergent ideologies threatened our national complacency.  One positive outcome of 1937 was the creation of The Wildlife Society. On TWS’ 75th birthday, it is worth reflecting on the motives of our predecessors, not for nostalgia’s sake, but for our relevance as a mature professional scientific society.

Wildlife conservation and management was becoming recognized as a formal discipline in the 1930s. Wildlifers had been meeting annually for many years, but until Aldo Leopold, Arthur Allen, and Herbert Stoddard began to give presentations on wildlife ecology and management in the late 1920s, the interest was largely on game breeding. Leopold and a distinguished group of wildlife conservationists were asked by the American Game Institute (now Wildlife Management Institute) to draft a policy to guide wildlife conservation. The 1930 American Game Policy laid out a broad vision, acknowledging that existing conservation programs were inadequate to stem the declines in wildlife. The policy called for a program of restoration implemented by scientifically trained professionals with a stable funding source. The policy also declared it was time for wildlife management to “be recognized as a distinct profession and developed accordingly.”

The subsequent establishment of university programs (beginning with Wisconsin in 1933), the Cooperative Wildlife Research Units, and the Pittman-Robertson Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act gave life to the policy. Even so, wildlife conservation and management still lacked a nucleus – the organization to establish professional and ethical standards and promote communication. Wildlifers from many Midwest states met in Urbana, Illinois in December 1935, at the invitation of Ted Frison, Director of the Illinois Natural History Survey, to discuss forming a national professional society. Two months later in February 1936, the First North American Wildlife Conference was held in Washington, D.C., and the Midwesterners brought their idea to a larger audience. The Society of Wildlife Specialists was formed, with Ralph T. (Terry) King as its first president. One year later, at the Second North American Wildlife Conference in St. Louis, the first formal meeting was held and the name was changed to The Wildlife Society.

Foremost among the reasons for establishing The Wildlife Society was the conviction that professional standards needed to be established and maintained, professionals subscribing to these standards needed to be affiliated, and a journal of wildlife management needed to be established so professionals could communicate with each other. Seventy years later these needs are still in the forefront, and wildlifers have relied on TWS to serve them in these capacities. As the challenges of 2012 differ in nature and degree from those of 1937, so do the needs of wildlifers. TWS is committed to not only evolving with the needs of its members, but to seek the vanguard and be the indispensable resource for the wildlife professional. 

It is unlikely the founders of TWS could have envisioned the potential of communication in the electronic era.  TWS has positioned itself to take full advantage of this potential to enable you—the wildlife professional—to envision, create, and share information that will support better problem solving and decision making in wildlife management and conservation.. By so doing, we will continue to contribute to and advance the conservation of wildlife worldwide.

John F. Organ, Chair
TWS History Committee

Historical Photos Needed
Do you have a historical photograph that shows an aspect of TWS history and its members? If so, please share it with us. We are compiling photographs and mementos for future publication in TWS journals and for use at the 2012 TWS annual conference. Please send any material you would like to share to Yanin Walker at This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it . Thank you.


Conservation Groups ask Senator Levin to Lead Reform of Lacey Act
On January 3, 2012 TWS joined 23 other conservation organizations in sending a letter to Senator Carl Levin (D-MI), urging him to take a leadership role in sponsoring a proactive bill to reform the Lacey Act. Currently the Lacey Act, which in part regulates live wild animal trade, is widely considered to be ineffective and results in unnecessary environmental and economic costs. The letter also outlined reforms necessary to improve the effectiveness of the Lacey Act in preventing the importation and spread of invasive species. At least 2,500 different species of non-native wildlife were imported to the U.S. in the last decade and research indicates that more than 300 of those species were already known to be potential invaders or present disease risk. With more comprehensive regulation of live animal trade, invasive species such as the Asian carp could have been screened before importation and may have saved the nation's natural resources and hundreds of millions of dollars in eradication and control costs.

Sportsmen Alliance Urges Pennsylvania Representative to Oppose Legislation Threatening Aquatic Habitats
On December 12, 2011 The Sportsmen Alliance for Marcellus Conservation , a coalition of sportsmen’s related organizations with a focus on fish and wildlife conservation and stewardship including TWS, sent a letter urging Pennsylvania State Representative Babette Josephs (D) to oppose House Bill 1904 . The bill would prohibit the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) from regulating the use or development of water resources by oil and gas companies in Pennsylvania’s Allegheny National Forest (ANF). On December 7, 2011 the State Government Committee voted to advance the bill to the full House floor for consideration. However, a vote by the Pennsylvania House on this legislation has not yet been scheduled.

Wild trout populations and their spawning habitats found within the coldwater streams of the ANF are particularly at risk as a result of this proposed deregulation. These streams and rivers would be directly threatened by the hydraulic fracturing process used by oil and gas companies as it requires the extraction of millions of gallons of freshwater per well. Additionally, there is a lack of consistent state-wide regulation of water flows relating to hydraulic fracturing.

TWS Comments on Draft Environmental Impact Statement on Fracking in New York
On January 9, 2012, TWS provided comments to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation’s (NYSDEC) Revised Draft Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement (SGEIS) regarding the possible negative impacts associated with hydraulic fracturing such as habitat fragmentation and water contamination. TWS suggested the costs associated with the drilling practice be absorbed by energy developers rather than the state. This would translate into more accurate reflection of appropriate lease fees for the oil companies. To mitigate environmental damage, TWS supports landscape level planning when determining how many leases the NYSDEC can approve, where drill pads and infrastructure can be sited, and for the duration of the operation. 

TWS also recommended Best Management Practices (BMPs) for the clearing of roads, drilling sites, maintaining control of invasive species, and also for any mitigation practices. As stipulated in the comments, TWS believes these BMPs should be devised and monitored by NYSDEC, not the oil companies. Additionally, TWS stated that baseline levels for various environmental vectors should be collected with an emphasis on water quality and contingency mechanisms for enforcement, mitigation, and compensation in case contamination occurs. Because outdoor recreational activities are important to New York State’s economy, limits should be placed on seasonal drilling.  The comment period for this revised draft SGEIS closed on January 11, 2012. The NYSDEC is reviewing comments and preparing responses, which will be released with final SGEIS.


Draft: Workforce Diversity within the Wildlife Profession
As a reminder, TWS has drafted a position statement on Workforce Diversity within the Wildlife Profession which is open for member comment until February 15, 2012. Comments should be submitted via mail to: Christine Carmichael, Government Affairs Associate, The Wildlife Society, 5410 Grosvenor Lane, Suite 200, Bethesda, MD 20814, or via email to: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it . Please view the full position statement when drafting comments.

As reflected in this draft statement, TWS believes that wildlife management can benefit from diversity within the wildlife profession as diverse perspectives and skills provided by a diverse array of individuals can result in the strengthening and improvement of approaches to research. Furthermore, by engaging a greater proportion of the population we enable ourselves to manage more effectively wildlife resources, ecosystems, and human communities. 

Draft: Wolf Restoration and Management in the Contiguous United States
TWS has also drafted a position statement on Wolf Restoration and Management in the Contiguous United States which is open for member comment until February 15, 2012. Comments should be submitted to: Christine Carmichael, Government Affairs Associate, The Wildlife Society, 5410 Grosvenor Lane, Suite 200, Bethesda, MD 20814, or via email to: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it . Please view the full position statement when commenting.
This draft statement provides background information on current and past conservation measures and a summary of legislative actions pertaining to the wolf’s listed status. Other considerations are also included, such as the role of advocacy and the role of science in wolf management. As stated in the draft, TWS believes scientific expertise and data should be clearly distinguished from advocacy positions and different human values in debates about wolf conservation.


Comment on the Proposed Definition Within the Endangered Species Act of “Significant Portion of its Range”
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced the opening of a public comment period regarding their proposed definition of what constitutes a “significant portion” of a species’ range, a key phrase in the Endangered Species Act that is not currently clearly defined. The policy would also provide consistency for how this term should be applied, aiding agencies in making decisions of whether to add or remove species from the federal list of threatened and endangered wildlife and plants.

Comments will be accepted until February 7, 2012 and may be submitted via the Federal eRulemaking Portal: (Docket No. [FWS–R9–ES–2011–0031]); or via mail to:

    Public Comments Processing, Attn: [FWS–R9–ES–2011–0031]
    Division of Policy and Directives Management
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    4401 N. Fairfax Drive, MS 2042–PDM
    Arlington, VA 22203


Hawaii Annual Conference Content
A vast majority of the talks delivered at The Wildlife Society Annual Conference are now available online. These talks include the PowerPoint, which is synched to the talk. Conference attendees can log on at for free access to the talks. Your username is the email address you used to register for the conference and your password is your last name. TWS members can purchase all the sessions for $199, while non-members can purchase it for $249. To receive the discounted member rate, TWS members can login using the email address that TWS has on file. Your password for this particular purchase is your last name.


Deadline for Paper Submissions Extended
The deadline for Paper Submissions for the IV International Wildlife Management Congress Call has been extended to February 29, 2012. TWS members are encouraged to submit papers for Congress. The Theme of the IWMC is Cooperative Wildlife Management Across Boarders: Learning in the Face of Change. The IWMC will take place in Durban, South Africa from July 9-12, 2012. For additional information on the IWMC, including pre- and post-tour information, visit Also, follow the IWMC on Twitter @iwmc2012.


Record Membership in 2011
For the second consecutive year, TWS reached record membership. We ended 2011 with 10,745 members, up from 10,261 members in 2010. We would like to thank our members for their loyalty and commitment to TWS as we continue to expand our member benefits and provide state-of-the-art member services in 2012. If you haven’t renewed yet for 2012, now is a great time to do so. You can renew here. If you have any questions regarding your membership, please email This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Warran BallardIn Memoriam
Dr. Warren Ballard, long-time TWS stalwart, passed away on January 12, 2012. Warren was a TWS Fellow and served as Editor-in-Chief of The Wildlife Society Bulletin (WSB) twice; for four years (2000-2004) before the WSB was terminated in 2006, and again when he assumed the responsibility of bringing back the electronic version of the journal (2010-2012). Warren was also Wildlife Monographs Associate Editor for several years and won several TWS awards for his own publications and service to the Society. He was Horn Professor and Bricker Chair in Wildlife Management, Department of Natural Resources Management at Texas Tech University (2003-12). A memorial service will be held for Warren at the Lake Ridge Chapel (6025 82nd Street, Lubbock) at 2 p.m. on Thursday, January 19. The memorial service will be streamed live via a secondary link on the Photo and Videos screen. A tribute page is available at where you can leave messages for this family. Warren will be missed terribly by all who were privileged to know him.


On behalf of The Wildlife Society and our entire profession, we extend our deepest gratitude to those who have promised to make a bequest to The Wildlife Society in a will or living trust or by including TWS by beneficiary designation. In honor of our 75th anniversary this year, we hope to increase the membership in the Murie Legacy Circle to 75 members. Most legacy gifts cost you nothing now, preserve your ability to change your beneficiaries at any time, and allow you to include TWS in your plans while also taking care of loved ones. To find out more about becoming a member of the Murie Legacy Circle contact Darryl Walter by email at This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it or by phone at (301) 263-6000


The UMD Student Chapter turns in its applicationCongratulations to our newest student chapter at the University of Maryland. Due to the chapter’s proximity to TWS headquarters, they received their charter and approval letter in person from Subunits and Certification Program Manager Shannon Pedersen, on December 1, 2011.





In-Depth Look at Feral Horse Management
On January 31, 2012, at the annual conference of the Society for Range Management in Spokane, Washington, a panel of experts will present a day-long symposium titled “Free Roaming Wild and Feral Horses: Current Knowledge in Ecology, Habitat Use, and Management.” The event will include international perspectives from Canada and Australia, and will cover a diverse range of issues including the latest feral horse science and policy, habitat impacts, management issues such as contraception and safe handling during capture, and technologies such as GPS collar sampling and remote camera assessment of wildlife interactions. For more information about the event, contact rangeland ecologist Erica Freese ( This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it ) at the University of Nevada.

4th International Human-Bear Conflicts Workshop

From March 20-22, 2012, the University of Montana’s College of Forestry and Conservation will offer a professional development workshop for people who manage and prevent human-bear conflicts. The Workshop will include formal presentations, extensive panel discussions, equipment demonstrations, and specialized breakout groups. Experienced wildlife and human dimensions professionals will lead interactive discussions on a variety of topics, such as proactive management to reduce conflicts, demonstrations of new technology and best practices for managing bears, and effective communication and outreach strategies. The workshop will be held at the DoubleTree Hotel in Missoula, MT. Early registration is $80/person until February 21, 2012. Visit the Workshop’s website for more information:

NEAFWA Student Colloquium
The WVU American Fisheries Society Chapter and the WVU Student Chapter of The Wildlife Society will host the NEAFWA Student Colloquium from April 14-15, 2012, immediately preceding the 2012 NEAFWA meeting (April 15–17, 2012) in Charleston, WV. Registration opens the night of April 14, accompanied by an opening social with food and beverages, at which time posters will also be displayed. Talks will be the following day. The theme of the Colloquium is “North to South: Fish and Wildlife Biology and Management from Maine to Florida.” Abstract submission deadline is February 15, 2012. All abstracts must be emailed to Ryan Braham, Program Chair at This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it . Information on hotel, travel, and other logistics will be posted shortly on For more information contact Pat Mazik, This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it or 304/293-4943.

Call for Submissions
Pathways to Success Conference & Training: Integrating Human Dimensions into Fish and Wildlife Management. You are invited to submit an abstract or an Organized Session Proposal for this conference, scheduled for September 24-27, 2012 at the Beaver Run Resort, Breckenridge, CO. The proposal deadline is May 1, 2012. Visit to learn more.


25th Vertebrate Pest Conference. An educational event to discuss and exchange information on human-wildlife conflicts, will be held from March 5-8, 2012 in Monterey, California. Registration is now open, and “early bird” rates offering a $50 discount apply through February 3, 2012. Visit for the link to the registration website. 

77th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference. March 12-17, 2012, Hilton Atlanta, Atlanta, GA. For more information, visit .

National Landscape Conservation Cooperative Workshop. March 27-28, 2012, Denver, CO. For more information, visit

Remember to check the TWS online calendar for a full list of meetings of interest from TWS Sections, Chapters, and Workings Groups, as well as from other organizations.

The Wildlife Society | 5410 Grosvenor Lane, Suite 200 | Bethesda MD 20814-2144| Phone: (301) 897-9770 | Fax: (301) 530-2471